One may hear deferments referred to as use value assessment, present use value, or just simply a "tax break". Properly referred to as use value, the term means the value of land in its current use as agricultural land, horticultural land or forestland, and is based solely on its ability to produce income.
There are three basic programs involved:
Agricultural land means land that is a part of a farm unit actively engaged in the commercial production or growing of crops, plants, or animals under a sound management program. Agricultural land includes woodland and wasteland. The requirements for an agricultural deferment are as follows:
Forestland means land that is part of a forest unit that is actively engaged in the commercial growing of trees under a sound management program. Forestland includes wasteland that is part of the forest unit, but the wasteland included in the unit shall be appraised under the use value schedules as wasteland. The requirements for a forestland deferment are as follows:
Horticultural land means land that is a part of a horticultural unit that is actively engaged in the commercial production or growing of fruits or vegetables or nursery or floral products under a sound management program. Horticultural land includes woodland and wasteland that is a part of the horticultural unit, but the land included in the unit shall be appraised under the use value schedules as woodland or wasteland. The requirements for a horticultural deferment are as follows:
If property loses its eligibility for any reason, deferred taxes become due for the current year plus three previous years, plus interest for all prior years. If only a part of the qualifying tract loses its eligibility, a determination shall be made of the amount of deferred taxes applicable to that part, and that amount shall become payable with interest.
Historical property is real property designated as a historic structure or site by a local ordinance adopted by the Historical Property Commission. Property that is classified as historical shall be taxed on the basis of fifty percent (50%) of the true appraised value. After property has been designated as historical property, the owner is required to contact the local Tax Assessor's Office for a historical deferment application.
The deferred taxes will not become due unless or until the property loses its eligibility for the benefit of this classification. This could occur because of a change in an ordinance designation or a change in the property which causes its historical significance to be lost or substantially impaired.
If additional information is needed, please contact the Tax Assessor's Office in the county in which you live. These laws apply to all of North Carolina.
The General Assembly enacted Session Law 2009-308 which provides a deferment of taxes levied on residences owned and constructed by builders that are unsold as of January 1 of each year. The deferment may be granted based on taxes levied on improvements only – the land is fully taxable. This legislation is effective for 2010 and will sunset in 2013.